We are significantly celebrating the 70th founding anniversary of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea(DPRK) at an exciting time when the international status of our Republic is enormously enhanced and its prestige is being demonstrated to the whole world, thanks to the wise leadership and the energetic revolutionary external activities of Comrade Kim Jong Un, chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK.
During the whole period of history from the early days of laying foundations of and building a state to the present time of building a powerful socialist nation, our Republic has advanced along the road of victory and glory, braving unprecedented difficulties, hardships and challenges.
In the midst of enormous changes in global political structure and balance of force and highly volatile international situation, the status and the sphere of influence of our Republic have reached the highest stage since its founding. This is a clear demonstration of the validity and vitality of the foreign policy of the DPRK.
The respected Supreme Leader Comrade Kim Jong Un said as follows:
“Independence, peace and friendship are the consistent basis of the foreign policy of the Workers’ Party of Korea, and they constitute the fundamental stand that must invariably be maintained in the struggle to accomplish the cause of global independence.”
Independence, peace and friendship are the consistent basis of the foreign policy of the DPRK government, which make it possible to strengthen international solidarity and contribute to the cause of global independence.
Our Republic strives consistently to promote contacts and cooperation with many countries in the world and to establish fair international relations and order among countries and nations on the principles of independence, equality, peace, friendship and mutual benefits.
The independent foreign policy of our Republic based on independence, peace, and friendship consistently maintained by the great leaders Comrades Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il is now invariably carried forward by Comrade Kim Jong Un, chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK issues this paper on the occasion of the 70th founding anniversary of the DPRK in order to clearly reiterate the ideals of its foreign policy based on independence, peace, and friendship, a fundamental stand being invariably maintained for expanding and developing the external relations of the country and realizing the cause of global independence.
1. Carrying Out the Independent Foreign Policy Under the Banner of Juche Idea
The DPRK carried out the independent foreign policy under the banner of immortal Juche Idea.
The DPRK has decided all foreign policies independently suitable for actual situation of the country and interests of the people and undertaken diplomatic activities on it’s own judgment and viewpoint.
We have developed relations with other countries on the principles of complete equality and mutual respect. We have also taken it as an unshakeable principle to resolve all issues arising in international relations in favor of the interests of our state and people.
We have never tolerated the infringement upon our nation’s interests and the interference in our internal affairs by outside forces. Nor have we blindly followed in others’ footsteps.
Likewise, we have respected the national dignity and sovereignty of other countries and never imposed our will on others.
The independent foreign policy of the DPRK embodies the Juche Idea, created by the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung and developed and enriched by the great leader Comrade Kim Jong Il.
The immortal Juche Idea is a man-centered world outlook and an idea of independence, and it is a great guiding idea of our era that scientifically illuminates the way forward for safeguarding and realizing independence of the masses and of the country and nation.
The Juche Idea clarified that country and nation constitute a basic unit in carving out the destiny of the masses, and that Juche character and national identity should be maintained in revolution and construction if the masses are to hew out their own destinies independently.
The Juche Idea scientifically proved that developing process of the nations in the course of achieving the socialist cause is the one whereby every nation develops into a civilized and powerful nation, not being assimilated by or merged into the other, and continuously expands and develops cooperation and contact with other nations on the completely equal and voluntary principle, while freely creating its own life and history.
It is the first and foremost symbol of an independent and sovereign state to maintain independence in state activities. If a country with a state power loses its independence and dances under other’s baton, the country cannot be truly called a sovereign state. A sovereign state should establish all its lines and policies in an independent way to suit the reality of the country, implement them on its own and exercise full-fledged sovereignty in foreign relations.
As the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung taught, there are big and small countries and developed and underdeveloped nations in the world, but there can be neither senior nor junior countries, neither the nations to dominate nor those to be dominated, and all countries and nations are completely equal and independent.
The great leaders Comrades Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il firmly maintained the independent stand and consistently implemented the independent foreign policy of our Party even in the rapidly changing international situation, thus highly demonstrating the external prestige and dignity of our country and making a great contribution to the efforts to accomplish the cause of independence against imperialism and the cause of socialism.
Comrade Kim Jong Un, chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK, who is exactly carrying forward the ideology and intentions of the great leaders Comrades Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il, is wisely leading our Republic to fully exercise its prestige and influence in the international political arena as a dignified independent power by holding high the banner of independence, the banner of international justice.
Comrade Chairman of the State Affairs Commission clarified at the historic Seventh Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea that independence is lifeblood and prestige of every country and nation and symbol of a sovereign and independent state and that maintaining independence is an issue of determining the destiny of every country and nation, as the imperialists are now scheming more viciously than ever before to dominate other countries and nations and hold sway over the world.
He underlined the need to steadfastly carry forward, without any slightest change, the Juche-based stand and the principle of independence which have been maintained in the field of external relations by the great leaders Comrades Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il as their motto throughout their lives.
We will faithfully uphold the ideology and leadership of Comrade Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK and firmly maintain the Juche-based stand in order to implement the foreign policy in conformity with the requirement of our revolution and the specific reality of our country and address all issues arising in external relations in conformity with the aspirations of our people and the interests of our revolution.
We will oppose and reject the imperialists’ and dominationists’ aggression and interference, domination and subjugation, and push forward the global independence by strengthening unity with all anti-imperialist and independent forces that aspire after independence and hold justice dear.
2. Struggle to Oppose Aggression and War and Safeguard Peace
The Korean people, as peace-loving people, highly cherish peace and consistently desire to live in peace. Peace is an inherent demand of socialism and an aspiration of our people who suffered from a three-year tragic war and live in a constant danger of a nuclear war.
In reflection of the aspiration of our people, the DPRK has made active efforts to safeguard peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and in the region and to realize lasting peace and security across the world.
Our Republic put forward a number of peace proposals and initiatives from the first days of its founding in order to terminate acute tension and confrontation and bring a lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula and strived to put them into practice.
As was the same in the past century, the pressing issue in ensuring world peace and security is to prevent another war and safeguard peace on the Korean Peninsula, the world’s hottest spot where the clouds of threat of a nuclear war constantly hover in recent years, in particular.
However, from the beginning of this year, thanks to the proactive measures and efforts made by our Republic, a new trend towards détente and peace has evolved and dramatic changes have been effected in and around the Korean Peninsula.
Comrade Kim Jong Un, chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK, in his historic 2018 New Year Address, opened a bright road ahead for improvement of inter-Korean relations and independent reunification and took sincere and active measures to bring about the balmy breeze of reconciliation and unity on the Korean Peninsula, where tense atmosphere of confrontation and hostilities prevailed.
In particular, in the wake of holding two rounds of inter-Korean summit meetings, Comrade Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK performed the greatest exploit ever known in bringing about peace and security on this land by putting an end to the most hostile relations between the DPRK and the U.S., and thus unfolding a bright future for our nation and for the cause of world peace.
The DPRK-U.S. summit meeting and talks held in Singapore and subsequent adoption of a joint statement have been recorded as an epoch-making event that has opened up a turning phase in achieving peace and security in the region and the world, by terminating the long-protracted hostile relations between the DPRK and the U.S. and by establishing a permanent mechanism for a durable peace on the Korean Peninsula, where the situation has been the most acute and tense in the world.
Our Republic is waging a vigorous struggle to oppose all forms of aggression and war and realize a lasting peace and security not only on the Korean Peninsula and in the region but also the whole world.
Not only in the past centuries but even today, acute confrontations and conflicts ceaselessly take place in the international arena between the world progressive peoples who endeavor to safeguard the sovereignty and dignity of their countries and nations and the imperialist and dominationist forces who resort to aggression and war, high-handedness and arbitrariness.
Due to the aggressive and interfering moves of the imperialists and dominationist forces, the sovereignty of countries and nations are being trampled underfoot, and hostilities and disputes continue unabated in many countries, creating enormous obstacles in the way to ensure world peace and security.
Our Republic has consistently maintained that the world peace-loving peoples must not tolerate the imperialists’ maneuvers of aggression and war against sovereign states and wage an active struggle to prevent the danger of war and safeguard world peace and security.
It also endeavors to build a new peaceful world by means of dismantling aggressive military blocs that cause military confrontations and hostilities and abolishing aggressive military bases deployed in other countries.
Furthermore, we are working hard to peacefully settle disputes among the developing countries, which at present pose as one of the important issues in defending world peace and security.
In several regions of the world, disputes are still going on among countries, political forces, races and religious sects, and in some places, these are escalated into large-scale physical conflicts, destroying peace and security and inflicting misfortunes on many countries.
Interference in the disputes by foreign forces further aggravates the situation, and the vicious cycle of retaliation is sustained, resulting in an increase of casualties and refugees.
Most of the victims of such disputes are the developing countries.
Our Republic maintains that the disputes among the developing countries should be settled through negotiations among the parties concerned in accordance with their respective interests and the global cause for peace.
On the issue of disputes among the developing countries, we refrain from supporting or opposing either side, and take a thoroughly fair position holding fast to the principle of helping the parties involved to resolve the disputes in a peaceful way in line with their mutual interests.
The goal of our struggle is to build a peaceful world free from war, and the government of our Republic takes the invariable position to strive for peace and security in the region and the world.
Our Republic, as a genuine peace-loving country, will continue as ever to uphold the banner of defending peace and exert all its efforts to ensure peace and security on the Korean Peninsula, in its region and the world.
3. Strengthening Friendship, Solidarity and Cooperation with Many Countries in the World
Another important and principled issue arising in maintaining and realizing the ideals of independence, peace and friendship in external activities is to actively strive for development of solidarity and cooperation with all countries in the world.
The ideal of friendship our Republic adheres to in its external relations is originated from the demand of the Juche idea.
Just as the human being’s independence, creativity and consciousness are formed and developed in social bonds, so the independence of a country and nation and its basis, the political and economic strengths, can be secured and consolidated more successfully through international support and cooperation.
In our present era, when the people’s desire to live independently gets stronger, most of the countries and nations in the world want to establish international relations and develop mutual cooperation in various fields to lead a peaceful life on the principles of independence and equality, irrespective of their territorial sizes.
In particular, it is important for all progressive countries that champion independence to unite and work together under the banner of independence against imperialism.
The imperialists and dominationist forces maneuver to sow seeds of and aggravate distrust and discord, and foment antagonism among the countries and nations, which aspire after independence, to prevent them from uniting.
It is a truth corroborated by history that division begets defeat, but unity and cooperation constitute a permanent factor for victory and development.
All progressive countries should unite under the banner of independence against imperialism and should not get antagonistic and hostile each other, being deceived by the cunning tricks of the imperialists and dominationist forces, and strengthen bilateral and multilateral cooperation by continents and regions in all sectors of politics, the economy and culture on the principles of independence, equality and mutual respect, thus creating favorable conditions conducive to advancing the cause of global independence.
The DPRK government regards it as its important foreign policy to strengthen friendship and solidarity with all progressive countries in the world and to strive to build a new independent world.
It has developed the relations of good-neighborliness, friendship and cooperation with many countries of the world on the principles of complete equality, mutual respect and non-interference in each other’s internal affairs.
The imperialist reactionaries and hostile forces slander our Republic, clamouring about its “closure” and “isolation”, but we have never closed our country’s door to the outside, and have been in good terms with many countries and numerous peoples of the world respecting each other.
In reality, it is none other than the imperialists and hostile forces that, harbouring animosity against the DPRK, are blockading and seeking to isolate the DPRK, and their slanders are nothing more than a foolish attempt to tarnish the image of our Republic.
We have strengthened the ties and solidarity with the progressive people of the world who aspire after independence and justice, and developing in scope and strength the economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation with many countries of the world including capitalist countries.
Comrade Kim Jong Un, chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK set forth a programmatic task to actively promote the relations of good-neighborliness, friendship and cooperation with the progressive countries in the world that respect the sovereignty of our Republic and are friendly to us so as to create an international environment favorable for our revolution, and takes the helm in its implementation.
Comrade Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK received in person several high-level delegations on a visit to our country, and carried out energetic external activities to further strengthen the friendly relations, and promote exchanges and cooperation with their countries in various sectors.
In particular, the recent three rounds of visits to China made by Comrade Kim Jong Un were significant occasions in carrying forward from generation to generation the proud history and tradition created by the DPRK and Chinese leaders of old generation, and in expanding and developing onto a new higher level the fraternal DPRK-China relations established in the common struggle for socialist cause.
Thanks to our Republic’s proactive efforts to develop friendship, solidarity, and cooperation with other countries around the world, its international status and influence are remarkably increasing and its external relations are expanding continuously.
The DPRK has now diplomatic relations with 164 countries(40 Asian, 54 African, 40 European, 24 American, 6 Ocean countries) and has joined various international and regional organizations.
The DPRK will continue to actively develop the relations of friendship and cooperation with many countries in the world in accordance with the ideals of foreign policy of independence, peace and friendship.
With generosity and magnanimity we will unite and cooperate with all the countries and nations that aspire to independence and love justice, regardless of differences in ideology and system. We will improve and normalize relations with those countries that respect our country’s sovereignty and are friendly to us, even if they were hostile to us in the past.
Placing our country’s dignity and interests before anything else, we will actively develop external relations in a diversified way, and promote many-sided exchanges and cooperation with the capitalist countries, too.
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The validity and vitality of the ideals of the DPRK foreign policy -independence, peace, and friendship – are clearly corroborated through the course of the development of its external relations, and through the practical struggle to realize independence and genuine international justice desired by the world progressive people.
Today, the DPRK is dynamically advancing toward the final victory of building a Juche-oriented powerful socialist country under the leadership of Comrade Kim Jong Un, chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK who carries forward brilliantly the immortal exploits performed by the great leaders Comrades Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il in founding, strengthening and developing our state.
It is the consistent foreign policy of the DPRK government to steadily safeguard national sovereignty, build a peaceful world free from aggression and war, and to develop friendly and cooperative relations with other countries in all respects under the banner of independence.
Holding the ideals of independence, peace, and friendship as a steadfast guideline in external activities, we will continue to make strenuous efforts to expand and develop the relations of good-neighborliness, friendship, and cooperation with all countries in the world that respect the sovereignty of our country and are friendly to us, and to safeguard peace and security in the region and realize global independence.